ISLAMABAD – Executive Director, Federal Government Poly Clinic (FGPC), Dr Shaukat Kiani has warned that the citizens of federal capital are more vulnerable to dengue virus, advising them to adopt special preventive measures.
He said that the hospital has established epidemic management cell in the federal capital, which is a unique and revolutionary idea. He said it is a high time to have updated knowledge on dengue virus, new guidelines and treatment methodology for victims in the country.
Dr Kiani said capacity building of healthcare providers is also a must on epidemiology, surveillance, vector control and clinical management of the disease.
He said that maintaining sufficient data on dengue virus is important for future research. He said arranging training sessions for medical practitioners will help improving identification, observation, management, awareness and education on dengue virus. He said that the hospital has arranged a training workshop on prevention of dengue virus for healthcare providers. He said that the hospital will continue to hold such training workshops for healthcare providers.
He said that the dengue is a mosquito-borne infection, which in recent years has become a major public health concern. He said dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness that affts, young children and adults. He added the spread of dengue is attributed to expanding geographic distribution of the four dengue viruses and of their mosquito vectors, the most important of which is the predominantly urban species aedes aegypti.
Dr Kiani said that after virus incubation for eight to ten days, an infected mosquito is capable, during probing and blood feeding, of transmitting the virus to susceptible individuals for the rest of its life.
He said the virus circulates in the blood of infected humans for two to seven days, at approximately the same time as they suffer from fever. He added the clinical features of dengue fever vary according to the age of the patient. He said infants and young children may have a non-specific febrile illness with rash as older children and adults may have either a mild febrile syndrome or the classical incapacitating disease with abrupt onset and high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, and rash.