The Fafen who visited 92 district health offices reported that except for respiratory tract infections and meningitis that increased 10 per cent and 20 per cent, cases registered under all other disease categories fell – gastrointestinal infections lowering 15 per cent, scabies (4 per cent), animal bites (10 per cent), viral diseases (28 per cent), diseases transmitted through mosquitoes (23 per cent), and bacterial diseases (12 per cent).
Respiratory tract infections constituted 48 per cent of the disease burden – 90 districts reporting 1,384,495 cases as compared with the preceding month’s 1,164,715 in 83 districts- an increase of 10 per cent.
However, gastrointestinal infections registered a 15 per cent drop - 91 districts recording 527,268 cases against the previous figures 580,132 in 85 districts. Diarrhea and dysentery decreased 20 per cent while gastroenteritis went up 17 per cent.
Among skin diseases, scabies saw a 4 per cent fall – from 3,692 to 3,548 during October. Animal bites also dropped 10 per cent. Snake bites had 867 cases registered in 53 districts and dog bites had 9,721 in 71 districts.
As has been in the months before, hepatitis dominated viral diseases with 94 per cent share out of total 2,532 cases. Thirty seven districts reported 2,370 hepatitis cases. Besides, measles had 17 cases registered in 16 districts. There were 13 probable poliomyelitis cases in Mardan and 12 suspected AIDS cases – Gujrat (8) and Sargodha (4).
Among diseases transmitted through mosquitoes, dengue and malaria were observed. In this category, 25 districts reported 3,191 cases – all of malaria. Such disease fell 12 per cent during October.
As for bacterial diseases, 2,272 cases were reported – tuberculosis (99 per cent; 38 districts) and tetanus (13 cases; Karachi). Besides, two districts – Sargodha and Loralai (6 each) – reported 12 meningitis cases.
Moreover, 32 districts reported 143 maternal mortality cases in October as compared with the previous month’s 145 in 33 districts. However, infant mortality saw decline from 62 cases per district to 61 and child mortality from 35 cases to 27.