BEIJING - A regional group led by Russia and China said Thursday it opposed military intervention in the Middle East, a day after the Syrian opposition accused forces loyal to the regime of massacring 100 people.
"Member states are against military intervention into this region's affairs, forcing a 'handover of power' or using unilateral sanctions," said the declaration, issued at the end of a summit in Beijing attended by the leaders of Russia, China and Iran, among others. Moscow and Beijing have consistently opposed international intervention in Syria, but they face growing pressure to change their stance after 15 months of conflict in which more than 13,500 people are said to have died.
Russia and China have vetoed two Security Council resolutions against Assad's regime, but backed UN-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan's blueprint to end the conflict. The Annan plan was supposed to begin with a ceasefire from April 12, but doubts have emerged about its effectiveness as violence has raged on despite the deployment of nearly 300 UN observers.
The SCO statement also expressed "serious concern about the situation around Iran", which is an observer nation to the organisation that groups together China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Pakistan and Afghanistan also have observer status. "Any attempts to solve the Iranian problem with force are unacceptable and could lead to unpredictable circumstances that threaten stability and security in the region and the entire world," it said. Russia's President Vladimir Putin met Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on the sidelines of the Beijing summit as Moscow prepares to host more talks later this month aimed at finding a diplomatic solution to the Iranian dispute. Putin told his Iranian counterpart that Moscow supports Tehran's atomic programme as long as it is "peaceful".
"We have always supported the right of the Iranian people to modern technologies, including the peaceful use of atomic energy," he told Ahmadinejad on the sidelines of a regional security summit in Beijing. "But I want to emphasise that it is peaceful that we are talking about. You know our position." On Wednesday, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said that Beijing was against any Middle Eastern country seeking to acquire nuclear weapons.
"China opposes any Middle East country's push to acquire nuclear weapons and upholds that the Iranian nuclear issue should be addressed through diplomatic channels in an impartial way," Wen said.
Putin was also to hold talks with Afghanistan's President Hamid Karzai, with the SCO signaling an increased role in the conflict-riven nation as NATO forces prepare to pull out.
"Member states are for building an independent, neutral, peaceful, and flourishing state in Afghanistan, free of terrorism and drug trafficking," said the SCO declaration. "They believe that the national peace process in Afghanistan should be directed and led by Afghans." Earlier, Russian President Putin proposed establishing an anti-terrorism centre within the SCO. Speaking at an SCO meeting, Putin said all SCO member countries note the need to fight the drug threat.
"We can achieve success in this direction by establishing a universal centre to counter terrorism, drug trafficking and organised crime in the SCO," the Russian president said. Putin recalled that the SCO already comprises an anti-terror organisation.
"The organisation could be made universal and charged with coordinating anti-drug work," he said. Chinese President Hu Jintao said that Beijing will offer $10 billion in loans to the member states of the SCO. "China has decided to give to the other member states $10 billion in loans," Hu said in a speech broadcast on state television. He did not elaborate on how the funds would be used.
At an SCO summit in June 2009, Hu offered Central Asian states $10 billion of credit to help counter the global economic slump. Hu said previously that China would "continue providing member states with concessional loans".