WASHINGTON – Illegal trade in kidneys is on the rise in Pakistan, India and China with patients from Middle East, Asia and sometimes Europe come to Pakistan, India or China for surgery, pay up to 200,000 dollars for a kidney to traffickers who get organs from vulnerable, desperate people, sometimes for as little as 5,000 dollars, say the World Health Organization (WHO) experts.According to WHO experts, the illegal trade of kidneys has grown and advanced to such an extent that almost 10,000 black market operations involving the purchase of illegal human organs take place every year, or more than one an hour. Data collected from the WHO reveal that about 73,179, or 68.5 per cent, kidneys were transplanted out of the 106,879 organs that were transplanted in 95 states in 2010, legally and illegally.Patients, many of whom go to China, India or Pakistan for surgery, pay up to 200,000 dollars for a kidney to traffickers who get organs from vulnerable, desperate people, sometimes for as little as 5,000 dollars. According to Luc Noel, a doctor and WHO official who runs a unit monitoring trends in legitimate and underground donations and transplants of human organs, revealed that kidneys make up to 75 per cent of the global illicit trade in organs. "While commercial transplantation is now forbidden by law in China, that's difficult to enforce; there's been a resurgence there in the last two or three years", The Guardian quoted a medical source with knowledge of the situation as saying. "Foreigners from the Middle East, Asia and sometimes Europe come and are paying $100,000 to $200,000 for a transplant. Often they are Chinese expats or patients of Chinese descent," the source said.Networks of doctors, known as 'custodian groups', have been collecting proof of illegal trafficking in various countries. The groups are working to support the Declaration of Istanbul, the 2008 statement against global organ exploitation that was agreed by almost 100 nations. It called upon the authorities to take notice of the grim situation and step up efforts to curb the menace.