By Asjad Ali

MEHMET II

Mehmet is the 7th Sultan of one of the puissant empire (Ottoman). He is also kenned as (Sultan Fatih) THE CONQUEROR, he ended the vigorious Empire Byzantine Empire in 1453 by surmounting Constantinople. This led to the inclusion of Serbia, Bosnia, Albania and most of Anatolia into this empire. He renamed Constantinople as Istanbul which became centre of Ottoman Empire and most of the rulers resided there. His rule is considered in two reign (August 1444-September 1446) and (3rd February 1451-3rd May 1481). He was born on 30th March 1432 in Edrine. His father was Sultan Murad II and mother was Huma Hatun.

Among other things, Istanbul's Fatih district, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge and Fatih Mosque are denominated after him. After the conquest of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1463 he issued a Firman to the Bosnian Franciscans in which he limpidly mentioned that they will have liberation in their religion activities and shall no disturbance should take place in their religious activities. In 1971, the United Nations published a facsimile of this Firman in all the Official U.N. languages and the pristine Firman is still kept safe in Franciscan Catholic Monastery in Fojnica.

SULTAN SULEIMAN

Suleiman was the 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire in the age of 26 and ruled for proximately fifty years! He was the longest reign sultan of Ottoman Empire. Under his rule he conquered lots of places which led to the people from 15 million to 25 million. He was additionally an accomplished poet and one of his famous saying is:-

The higher you rank as an administrator the nearer you reach the death!

He plenarily conquered Belgrade in 1521 and withal covered Hungary, Vienna and Austria. Due to the poltroon deportment of Sultan Shah Tahmasp he made a treaty with him to stop all raids, this treaty was made in 1554. These clever acts led to a incipient Suleiman The Magnificent. He was also known as a law giver and was also famous with the name of Qanooni Sultan Suleiman.

Pargali Ibrahim Pasha was a friend of Suleiman from afore his accession. Ibrahim was pristinely a Christian from Parga (in Epirus), who was captured in a raid during the 1499-1503 and was given as a slave to Suleiman most likely in 1514. But due to Suleiman's suspicion of Ibrahim was worsened by a quarrel between the latter and the finance secretary Iskender Celebi. The dispute ended in the disgrace of Çelebi on charges of intrigue, with Ibrahim convincing Suleiman to sentence the defterdar to death. Before his death however, Çelebi's last words were to accuse Ibrahim of conspiracy against the Sultan. These dying words convinced Suleiman of Ibrahim's disloyalty,] and on 15 March 1536 Ibrahim was executed.

On 6 September 1566, Suleiman, who had set out from Constantinople to command an expedition to Hungary, died before an Ottoman victory at the Battle of Szigetvar in Hungary and was buried in Instanbul near to Sulaimaniye mosque.

Published in Young Nation Magazine on January 20, 2018