ISLAMABAD - Realising the fact that 50,000 to 100,000 patients are suffering from Thalassemia in Pakistan and every year 5,000 babies are born with the deadly disease, the World Thalassemia Day is being observed today (Friday) with a solemn pledge to treat every patient. In Pakistan, 5 out of 100 people are Thalassemia patients and around 8 million population is Thalasemia carrier. Thalasemia is an inherited characteristic of blood. It reduces the amount of haemoglobin in a human body leading to anaemia. Thalassemia International Federation has designated May 8, as World Thalassemia Day to show solidarity with patients and ever year like other parts of the world, this day is observed in Pakistan, said Dr Tahira, Director PIMS Thalassemia Centre and Associate Professor of Haematology while talking to TheNation. While defining the term Thalassemia carrier, she said it means a person having the gene that causes this blood order. However, carriers of this disease can live a healthy life but if they marry another person having the disease gene then they are chances of that they can transmit it to next generation, which may cause the Thalassemia, she added. She said that around 650 patients were currently register with Thalassemia Centre PIMS and all kind of required medical facilities were being provided to them, including blood transfusion. About Thalasemia, she said; It is an inherited blood disorder that causes the body to produce less haemoglobin. Haemoglobin helps red blood cells spread oxygen throughout body. Low levels of haemoglobin may cause anaemia, an illness that makes feel weak and tired. Severe cases of anaemia may damage organs and result in death, she added.