Mount Arafat or Mount Arafah is a granite hill east of Mecca in the plain of Arafat. Arafat is a plain about 20 km southeast of Mecca. Mount Arafat reaches about 70 m (230 ft) in height and is also known as the Mount of Mercy (Jabal ar-Rahmah). According to Islamic tradition, the hill is the place where the Islamic prophet Muhammad stood and delivered the Farewell Sermon to the Muslims who had accompanied him for the Hajj towards the end of his life.On the 9th of the month of Zul Hajj pilgrims go to Arafat from Mina, for the most important part of the Hajj. The Khutbah of Hajj is narrated and Zuhr prayer and Asr prayer are prayed together. The pilgrims spend the whole day on the mountain to supplicate to Allah to forgive their sins and to pray for personal strength in the future.



After sunset on the ninth day of the Islamic month of Zul Hajj, pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah, sometimes arriving at night because of over-crowding. After arriving at Muzdalifah, pilgrims pray the Maghrib and Isha prayer jointly. At Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect pebbles (49, because seven are thrown at each of the three pillars each day) which will be thrown in the Stoning of the Devil ritual in Mina during the next 3 or 4 days. Pilgrims then spend the night at Muzdalifah, often sleeping in the open air, before leaving for Mina the next morning.




The Stoning of the Devil “Stoning of the Jamarāt” is part of the annual Islamic Hajj pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. Pilgrims throw pebbles at three walls (formerly pillars) called Jamarāt.