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begins, which allows an animal to be slaughtered in their name on the 10th, without the pilgrim being physically present. Modern abattoirs complete the processing of the meat, which is then sent as charity to poor people around the world. At the same time as the sacrifices occur at Mecca, Muslims worldwide perform similar sacrifices, in a three-day global festival called Eid al-Adha.

After sacrificing an animal, another important rite of Hajj is shaving head or trimming hair. All male pilgrims shave their head or trim their hair on the day of Eid al Azha and women pilgrims cut the tips of their hair.

On the same or the following day, the pilgrims re-visit the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca for another tawaf, known as Tawaf al-Ifadah, an essential part of Hajj. It symbolizes being in a hurry to respond to God and show love for Him, an obligatory part of the Hajj. The night of the 10th is spent back at Mina.

Starting from noon to sunset on the 11th Zilhajj and the following day, the pilgrims again throw seven pebbles at each of the three pillars in Mina. This is commonly known as the "Stoning of the Satan.

On 12th Zilhajj, the same process of stoning of the pillars takes place. Pilgrims may leave Mina for Mecca before sunset on the 12th.

If unable to leave on the 12th before sunset or opt to stay at free will, pilgrims must perform the stoning ritual again on the 13th before returning to Mecca.

Finally, before leaving Mecca, pilgrims perform a farewell tawaf called the Tawaf al-Wadaa. The pilgrims circle the Kaaba seven times counter-clockwise, and if they can, attempt to touch or kiss the Kaaba.

Though not part of Hajj, pilgrims may choose to travel to Medina and Masjid-e- Nabawi. The Quba Mosque and Masjid al-Qiblatayn are also usually visited.