Cultural diversity is the collection of human societies or cultures in a specific region/area, as a result of globalization and mutual influences. It contradicts the term “monoculture” meaning “having only a single unified culture”. It refers to the inclusion of different cultural perspectives in an organization or society.

Cultural groups can share many different characteristics. They include Culture, religion, ethnicity, language, nationality, sexual orientation, class, gender, age, disability, health differences, geographic location and lots of other things.

Pakistan is a land of cultural diversity and it has a culture that reflects unity in diversity. Even the flag is multicoloured. Green reflects the Muslims and white symbolizes the minorities, the star and the moon spread the message of peace. So in order to maintain peace and increase the country’s economic growth, we need to understand cultural diversity because in today’s world, diversity is the exclusive path to excellence but very few realize this. Sindhi, Balochi, Punjabi, and Pashtun are the other major cultures. All of them contribute to a country’s GDP. Historically, Sindh’s contribution to Pakistan’s GDP has been between 30% to 32.7%. Its share in the service sector has ranged from 21% to 27.8% and in the agriculture sector from 21.4% to 27.7%. Punjab contributes 60% of the national gross domestic product (GDP), underscoring its pivotal role in Pakistan’s economic growth and employment. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s share of Pakistan’s GDP has historically comprised 10.5%, amounting to over US$ 30 billion. The Province accounts for

11.9% of Pakistan’s total population. Balochistan has enormous potential to emerge as Pakistan’s new economic frontier. Its livestock contributes 20 percent to provincial GDP. It is the primary source of living for about 80 percent of the population. The provincial share in the country’s total livestock population is stated to be about 40 percent. These provinces also contribute to the country’s economic development by exporting their unique products. They export Textiles articles, cotton, apparel: knit, apparel: non knit, cereals, precious instruments, natural minerals and stone, leather products, seafood, fruit and nuts.

BUSHRA TAHIR,

Lahore.