Every volcano is a powerful illustration 

of God’s character.

–Reinhard Bonnke

Mount Toba is an ancient volcano that is located in the Barisan Mountains, Indonesia. Sometime 70,000 years ago, the volcano erupted massively, expelling 2,800 cubic kilometers of ash and lava onto the earth. This event is considered by many volcanologists to be the largest volcanic eruption in all of human history. Some scientists also argue that it sent the planet into a severe ice age that nearly caused the extinction of modern humans. The ice cores that have been studied show that air temperatures worldwide plunged by 3 to 5 degrees for years after the eruption. A study of human settlement located in Southern Africa dated to the time of the eruption suggests that some parts of the globe served as placed of refuge because they had steady food supply and water.