Lahore/ISLAMABAD    -   A comparative assessment of performance of Assemblies done by Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency (PILDAT) shows that while Assemblies outrank each other in different areas, each Assembly records a decline in working hours, days consumed in budget sessions and attendance of Leaders of the Opposition compared to the third parliamentary year.

Even though the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was only convened for 60 days during the fourth parliamentary year, it has worked for more days than other Provincial Assemblies during the year. Provincial Assembly of Balochistan has met for 53 days, Provincial Assembly of Punjab held only 42 sittings and comparatively lowest number of sittings, 41, were held by the Provincial Assembly of Sindh during 4th parliamentary year.

Even though the number of working hours each Assembly meets for in a year is very low overall, in comparative analysis KP Assembly was convened for most working hours at 126.05 hours during fourth year. The Provincial Assembly of Sindh has met for 111.51 working hours during the 4th year. The Provincial Assembly of Balochistan spent a total of 91.10 working hours in sittings during the 4th parliamentary year. In terms of total working hours in the 4th parliamentary year, the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab ranks 4th for spending only 76.31 hours in sittings.

During the fourth parliamentary year, Chief Ministers of Balochistan have attended the highest percentage (30%) of sittings of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan. Jam Kamal Khan, MPA had resigned as CM on October 24, 2021 and Mir Abdul Quddus Bezinjo, MPA replaced him on October 29, 2021. This is a combined attendance of both in which Jam Kamal Khan attended only 2% sittings and Mir Abdul Quddus Bezinjo attended 28% sittings).

Attendance of Chief Ministers of Punjab ranks at two with 21% sittings of the Punjab Assembly. Sardar Usman Ahmed Khan Buzdar, MPA resigned as CM on March 28, 2022 and Mr. Muhammad Hamza Shahbaz Sharif, MPA replaced him on April 16, 2022, who was then replaced by Mr. Parvez Elahi, MPA on July 26, 2022. This is a combined attendance of these three Chief Ministers.

Syed Murad Ali Shah, MPA and Chief Minister Sindh has attended only 15% sittings of the Sindh Assembly during the 4th parliamentary year. At the fourth ranking is Mr. Mahmood Khan, MPA and Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkhwa who has attended only 8% sittings of the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa during 4th parliamentary year.

Leader of the Opposition in the Provincial Assembly of Sindh, Mr. Haleem Adil Sheikh, MPA, tops in the comparative analysis in terms of attendance as he attended 51.22% sittings of the Sindh Assembly during fourth parliamentary year, followed by Leader of the Opposition in the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan, Malik Sikandar Khan, MPA who attended 50.94% sittings of the Balochistan Assembly. Mr. Akram Khan Durrani, MPA and Leader of the Opposition in the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa attended 18% sittings of the KP Assembly and lowest attendance during the fourth year is of the Leader of the Opposition in the Punjab Assembly, i.e., 10%.

Compared to other Provincial Assemblies, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has passed 60 laws which is the highest during the fourth year. This is followed by Provincial Assembly of the Punjab which has passed 35 bills, Provincial Assembly of Sindh which has passed 28 bills and Provincial Assembly of Balochistan which has passed 27 bills. Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the only assembly that recorded improved legislative activity during the fourth year and shows 45% increase in bills passed compared to third year when 33 bills were passed by the Assembly.

In the fourth parliamentary year, the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has spent 8 days in budget session, down from 9 days spent in year 3 while Provincial Assembly of Sindh has spent 7 days in its budget session during fourth parliamentary year, compared to 8 days of budget session in parliamentary year 3. Similarly, Balochistan Assembly has spent only 7 days during budget sessions during the third and fourth year. In the fourth parliamentary year, Punjab Assembly showed a 50% decline in days spent in budget sessions from 12 days to 6 days when compared to the third year.

During the fourth parliamentary year, quorum was pointed out 24 times in 22 (36.67%) sittings out of 60 sittings in Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa which is the highest among 4 Provincial Assemblies. In the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, quorum was pointed out 7 times in 5 (11.90%) sittings out of 42 sittings held in the Assembly. Quorum was pointed out 4 times in 4 (7.55%) sittings out of 53 sittings held in the Balochistan Assembly during the fourth parliamentary year and out of these 4 sittings in which quorum was pointed out, only 3 (5.66%) sitting were adjourned due to lack of quorum. Quorum was not pointed out in the Provincial Assembly of Sindh during the fourth parliamentary year.