Forced surrender in 1971

TARIQ MAJEED The political chaos in 1971 culminating in secession of Pakistan's Eastern Wing was the result of a plan executed jointly by USA, Israel, Britain, India and former Soviet Union. Its mastermind was the Zionist International Jewry that controls the power centres in these countries through its entrenched lobbies. The plan could not have succeeded without the active participation of a treacherous gang of some civil and military leaders within Pakistan. East Pakistan, now Bangladesh, may still one day rejoin with the parent country. People in both the wings are ready to forgive and forget. No one doubts that they were made the victims of an international conspiracy that included the services of several local agents. The Muslim of Bangladesh have realised that they were misled by design into looking upon Indians as their friends and West Pakistanis as enemies. But the military surrender was devastating and beyond imagination. The humiliation and the anger felt by the masses, and more so by the soldiers, who had been cheated by their top commanders, lingers in their minds. Although there is plenty of literature on the 1971 crisis, yet several devious schemes that nurtured the crisis and shaped its outcome are still to be exposed. Moreover, the writings of some Americans on the 1971 episode are a rich source of revelations about many of the otherwise less known occurrences. When this material is analysed it exposes USA' hand in fomenting rebellion by the Awami League, assisting India in deploying the Mukti Bahni terrorists, provoking the war and devising a quick defeat for Pakistan. It is most depressing to find how Pakistan's top leaders were duped into accepting the idea of a military surrender although Indians were not expected it. Indian Army's Maj Gen Sukhwant Singh in his book wrote: "...most of the Pakistani units were up to operational strength and had a considerable potential to continue the war, if Gen Niazi had not accepted such an early ceasefire." Indeed, in spite of all the handicaps, Pakistan forces could have fought on for several weeks. So what caused the surrender? The surrender was brought about by the US with masterful machinations, involving local agents in Pakistan and India and manipulation of the pliant persons who had been placed in key positions in Islamabad and Dhaka. The master stroke was the highly deceptive dispatch of the US naval forces to the Bay of Bengal. The dramatic deployment of the US warships performed the pivotal role in the grand manoeuvre of deception and psychological warfare targeting the Pakistani leaders. Admiral Elmo R Zumwalt, Chief of Naval Operations of the US Navy in 197I, in On Watch: A Memoir wrote: "On Dec 10, a presidential order, that was not discussed with the Navy in advance, created Task Group (TG) 74, consisting of the nuclear carrier Enterprise and appropriate escorts, and sent it steaming from the Gulf of Tonkin to Singapore. The order did not specify what TG 74's mission was....The ships were held off Singapore for two days. On Dec 12 they were ordered through the Straits of Malacca into the Indian Ocean. Within an hour that order was rescinded Next day it was reissued. At the same time, 'sources' in Washington let it be known that the object of the exercise was covering the evacuation of American civilians from Dhaka. This clearly was a cover story since that evacuation was successfully completed two days before TG 74 entered the Indian Ocean....On Jan 08 it was ordered out of the Indian Ocean as mysteriously as it had been ordered in. I still do not know exactly what to think of the TG 74 episode." Zumwalt is right. Not even President Nixon knew what was TG 74's mission. Originally, the mission was a Zionist secret known only to Kissinger and his schemers from the CIA and Mossad. It was controlled from the White House, in other words, by Kissinger, who was the national security advisor to the president. The Naval Task Force was used as a lethal instrument for a psychological blow. It was to flash a signal of support to the dispirited leaders in Pakistan, who were facing a desperate situation in the war, so as to boost their morale with the hope that US military help had arrived after all; and then at a set time cancel the signal abruptly, causing in Pakistan's military leaders a sudden and complete collapse of morale rendering them incapable of resistance to the offer of ceasefire with surrender. This was exactly what happened. The writer is a retired commodore, Pakistan Navy. Email:

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