In a television address, US President Joe Biden announced on August 1, this year that the United States has killed Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the top leader of Al-Qaeda, who, along with the group’s founder, Osama bin Laden, managed the attacks of September 11, 2001, and that days ago, he had authorised a strike to kill Zawahiri. Justice has been delivered. The Washington Post wrote on August 2, 2020: “Zawahiri was killed in a CIA drone strike in Kabul…When US forces withdrew from Afghanistan last August, Biden administration officials said they would retain the capability for over-the-horizon attacks from elsewhere on terrorist forces inside Afghanistan…The strike occurred at 9:48 p.m. Eastern time on Saturday [July 30]….A drone fired two Hellfire missiles at Zawahiri as he stepped onto the balcony of a safe house in Kabul, where he had been living with members of his family.”

As regards the intelligence information, New York Times reported: “After the US drone strike that killed al-Zawahri, members of the terror group Haqqani network had tried to conceal that the al-Qaeda leader was at the house in Kabul, which reportedly was owned by a top aide to Sirajuddin Haqqani…restricted access to the site…who is now the interior minister in the Taliban government.” Taliban and Haqqani factions claimed that they did not know about the al-Qaeda leader’s presence which came as a perplexity as the spot where he was killed is just 1.5 kilometres from the Afghan Presidential Palace, not to mention a secure diplomatic enclave.

Reports suggest that Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar had issues with the Haqqani group founded by Jalaluddin Haqqani, which gave rise to speculation that Mullah Yaqoob, Afghanistan’s defence minister and son of Mullah Omar, disclosed Zawahiri’s location to US authorities during his recent visit to Qatar. In this respect, Voice of America (VOA) reported: “US officials say gunmen of the Haqqani Network took members of al-Zawahiri’s family to other locations after the strike—proof that the Haqqani network knew who is residing in the house.”

Analysts opine that the intra-Taliban rivalry over keeping allegiance with Al-Qaeda and Haqqani network or severing ties between them paved the way for dissenting group members to leak information to American sources about Zawahiri’s presence. Intelligence-sharing on Zawahiri’s whereabouts by the Afghan interim regime could be part of a deal with the US to help revive the Afghan economy by unfreezing USD3.5 billion which Afghanistan urgently needs due to multiple economic crises—Afghans are facing under Taliban rule, as the international community has not recognised their government. Meanwhile, in a tweeted statement, Mujahid remarked that the Taliban government “strongly condemned the drone attack,” terming it a “violation of Afghanistan’s sovereignty and the Doha Agreement signed between the United States and the Taliban in 2020. Washington also called the terrorist leader’s presence-Zawahiri in Kabul a violation of the Doha Agreement.

In this connection, VOC explained that the US officials stated: “By sheltering the leader of al Qaida in Kabul, the Taliban grossly violated the Doha Agreement and repeated assurances to the world that they would not allow Afghan territory to be used by terrorists to threaten the security of other countries…Neither Washington nor Kabul has used Saturday’s drone strike in Kabul… to indicate an end to the Doha Agreement…One of the many problems with the Doha Agreement is the lack of mechanisms for arbitration and enforcement. Experts also blame the agreement for its alleged lack of clarity regarding specific individuals like al-Zawahiri who was the most wanted terrorist by the US government with a bounty of $25 million on his head…However, the US will still need the Taliban to remain committed to counterterror objectives.” Notably, some western media entities spread disinformation that Al-Zawahiri has been living in Pakistan. After the drone assault, they were confused about its source. Some had called it a rocket attack—blamed it on next-door Pakistan, and others had remarked that the Americans were behind it.

Nevertheless, the al-Qaeda chief’s killing has raised questions about how the CIA executed the operation. The CIA after the withdrawal of the American-led NATO forces has no bases inside Afghanistan as well as in Pakistan. But, there were speculations and rumours that Islamabad might have played a role in taking out the al-Qaeda head. Speculations were triggered by a telephonic conversation between Pakistan’s army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa and the US Centcom chief 48 hours before the CIA strike in the Afghan capital. In this context, military spokesperson, Director General of Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General Babar Iftikhar and the Foreign Office Spokesperson Asim Iftikhar rejected the speculations that the country’s land or airspace was used in the US drone strike which assassinated the Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan. Major General Babar Iftikhar added that the people should “stay away from social media speculations as enemy countries triggered such situation to exploit it in their favours.” Nonetheless, it would be too naïve to scapegoat the Pakistan border-sharing state with Afghanistan and save one’s skin. Let’s hold our horses till the truth is established in Al-Zawahiri’s case.

The writer focuses on international affairs and is the author of the book, “US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations”. He can be reached at sajjad_logic@yahoo.com

The al-Qaeda chief’s killing has raised questions about how the CIA executed the operation.