PESHAWAR – The religious scholars have unanimously fixed the Sadqa-e-Fitr, which would be given to only those poor segments of society that are the most deserving people including relatives or neighbours, at Rs 80 per person for this year.  

Sadaqatul-Fitr, also known as Zakatul-Fitr, is a small amount of food to be given in charity at the end of Ramadan, before the holiday (Eid) prayers. This amount is separate from the annual payment of Zakat, which is one of the pillars of Islam. Unlike Zakat, which is calculated annually as a percentage of extra wealth, the Sadaqat-ul-Fitr is to be paid equally by every Muslim man, woman and child at the end of Ramadan. 

According to the Prophet Muhammad, each person should give away in charity an amount equivalent to one ‘sa’a of grain’. A sa’a is an ancient measure of volume, and various scholars have struggled to interpret this amount in modern measurements.

The most common understanding is that one sa’a is equivalent to 2.5 kilograms (5 pounds) of wheat. Each individual Muslim who has financial power is to give away this amount — man or woman, adult or child, sick or healthy, old or young.

The senior member of the household is responsible for paying the amount on behalf of the family, if the senior members have been empowered economically.

Sadaqatul-Fitr is a charitable donation linked directly to the month of Ramadan. One must make the donations in the days or hours just prior to the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. This prayer occurs early on the first morning of Shawwal, the month following Ramadan.

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr is intended for members of the Muslim community who do not have enough to feed themselves and their family members. It is traditionally given directly to individuals in need. In some places, one may take the donation directly to a known needy family. In other places, the local mosque may collect all of the food donations for distribution to appropriate community members.