Since the beginning of 2022, we have been hearing news of increasing street crimes in Karachi. These crimes include mobile and vehicle snatching, house robbery, drug trade, and killing or injuring over resistance to robbery. To prevent such rising crimes, the old style of policing is not enough. In this traditional policing, the police adhere to a zero-tolerance policy toward crime through extreme measures and to human intelligence through informers that are mostly criminals to reduce the crime rate. However, usually, in this style, the police have to compromise on human rights and certain types of crimes for the sake of getting information on serious crimes. Therefore, the police must equip themselves with modern methods in order to reduce crime to an acceptable level.

Firstly, the Karachi Police should take support information technology to curb crime in the city. Luckily, the Sindh government has started recently the Safe City Project which is the need of time for increased surveillance in the city. In this, the government does surveillance through cameras installed on every important spot. However, the government must make sure to install quality CCTV cameras rather than cheap ones to increase the visibility of the faces and vehicle license plates of the culprits. This will help not only in catching the criminals but also in their investigation and prosecution. Secondly, there should be increased community policing in Karachi. In this, the local police should delegate some responsibility and free-hand to the local community to eliminate crime in their vicinity. This will give a sense of responsibility to them. In this regard, there is also a recent success story in Gharibabad in Karachi where the locals, with very little help from the police, completely eradicated drug peddlers and addicts from their neighbourhood. However, to avoid incidents of mob justice and lynching, the police must create a standard operating procedure (SOP) for such practices.

Lastly, predictive policing shall be done. In this, with the help of crime statistics, the crime analyst calculates the probability of future crimes and their hotspots. Then, he/she provides the police with researched-based strategies and measures to counter-crime, and reduce the crime rate to an acceptable level in a particular area. For example, areas with a higher risk of street crime get more attention in terms of police patrolling, surveillance, and allocation of financial and human resources. These methods will bring a positive change in reducing the crime rate in Karachi. However, for a long-term and permanent solution, the federal and provincial governments have to step up to bring socio-economic reforms to reduce poverty, illiteracy, inequality, unemployment, and most importantly inflation in the country as they are the major reasons behind the majority of the crimes committed in the country specifically in Karachi.

ABBASS RAZA,

Karachi.