Pakistan is facing a serious challenge to ensure all children, particularly the most disadvantaged, attend, stay and learn in school. While enrollment and retention rates are improving, progress has been slow to improve education indicators in Pakistan.

Currently, Pakistan has the world’s second_highest number of out-of school children (OOSC) with an estimated 22.8 million children aged 15-16 not attending school, representing 44 percent of the total population in this age group. In the 5-9 age group, 5 million children not enrolled in school and after primary school age, the number of OOSC doubles, with 11.4 million adolescents between the age of 10-14 not receiving formal education. In Sindh, 52 percent of the poorest children (58 percent girls) are out of school, and in Balochistan, 78 percent of girls are out of school.

Nearly 10.7 million boys and 8.6 million girls are enrolled at the primary level and this group to 3.6 million boys and 2.6 million girls at the lower secondary level.