ISLAMABAD-Jobs in the renewable energy sector rose about 6 per cent in 2021, despite supply chain challenges related to the coronavirus pandemic, a new report has found.

The renewable energy sector generated 12.7 million jobs last year, up from 12 million during the previous year, with solar projects accounting for most employment generation, a report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena) and the International Labour Organisation found, reports

Renewable energy employment generation could jump to 38.2 million in 2030 under an “ambitious energy transition scenario with front-loaded investments”, the report said.

“In the face of numerous challenges, renewable energy jobs remain resilient and have been proven to be a reliable job creation engine,” said Francesco La Camera, Irena’s director general.

“My advice to governments around the world is to pursue industrial policies that encourage the expansion of decent renewable jobs at home. Spurring a domestic value chain will not only create business opportunities and new jobs for people and local communities. It also bolsters supply chain reliability and contributes to more energy security overall.”

The solar sector accounted for more than a third of the total renewable energy workforce with 4.3 million jobs in 2021, followed by hydropower and bio-fuels with 2.4 million jobs each, while employment in the wind energy sector reached 1.3 million last year, The National reported.

Almost two thirds of all these jobs were in Asia with China alone accounting for 42 percent of the global total, followed by the EU and Brazil with 10 percent each.

Worldwide, some 257 gigawatts of renewable electricity were installed in 2021, expanding cumulative capacity by 9 percent to a total of 3,068 gigawatts with solar and wind power accounting for 88 percent of the total expansion, at 133 gigawatts and 93 gigawatts growth, respectively, according to the report.

In contrast, hydropower capacity grew by just 25 gigawatts in 2021, the same pace as in 2020, and bio-energy expanded by 10 gigawatts in each of the last two years.

The report comes as governments across the globe focus on developing new renewable energy projects to cut emissions. A number of countries have announced net-zero targets in the coming decades and are investing heavily in clean energy projects.

Global investment in the renewable energy sector climbed 11 percent to $226 billion in the first half of 2022, according to a new report by research company BloombergNEF earlier this year.

Investment in new large-and small-scale solar projects rose 33 percent to a record-breaking $120 billion, while wind project financing grew 16 percent to $84 billion, the report said in August.

The Irena and ILO report also said southeast Asian countries are becoming major solar photovoltaic manufacturing hubs and bio-fuel producers as they launch new projects and expand clean energy capacity.

“With rising concerns about climate change, COVID-19 recovery and supply chain disruption, national interest is growing in localising supply chains and creating jobs at home—strong domestic markets are key to anchoring a drive toward clean energy industrialisation,” the report said.