NIAMEY-Soldiers claimed to have overthrown the Niger government on Thursday following an apparent coup in the fragile state. Disgruntled members of the elite Presidential Guard sealed off access to President Mohamed Bazoum’s residence and offices in the capital Niamey, and after talks broke down “refused to release” him, a presidential source said.
Regional and global leaders called for the release of Bazoum, who entered office two years ago in Niger’s first peaceful transition of power since independence.
The president of neighbouring Benin, Patrice Talon, would head to Niamey for mediation efforts, the head of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) said.
In a televised address late Wednesday, Colonel-Major Amadou Abdramane said: “We, the defence and security forces... have decided to put an end to the regime” of President Bazoum. “This follows the continued deterioration of the security situation, poor economic and social governance,” he added, surrounded by nine other uniformed soldiers. They said “all institutions” in the country would be suspended, borders were closed, and a curfew had been imposed “until further notice”, from 10 pm to 5 am.
Abdramane sought to reassure “the national and international community with regard to respect for the physical and moral integrity of the deposed authorities in accordance with the principles of human rights”.
One of a dwindling group of pro-Western leaders in the Sahel, Bazoum was elected in April 2021, taking the helm of a country burdened by poverty, chronic instability and plagued in recent years by jihadist insurgency.
In a message on Twitter, which is being rebranded as X, the president’s office said “elements of the Presidential Guard (PG) had a fit of temper... (and) tried unsuccessfully to gain the support of the national armed forces and the national guard”.
“The army and national guard are ready to attack the elements of the PG who are involved in this fit of temper if they do not return to a better disposition,” the presidency said. “The president and his family are well,” it added. Hours after his detention, Bazoum’s supporters had tried to approach the official complex, but were dispersed by members of the Presidential Guard who fired warning shots, an AFP reporter saw.
One person was hurt, but it was not immediately clear if he was injured by a bullet or from falling as the crowd scattered.
The parties of Niger’s ruling coalition in Niamey denounced “a suicidal and anti-republican madness” in a statement, saying that “certain elements of the presidential guard sequestered the President” and his family, as well as the interior minister.
Condemnation also poured in from beyond the nation’s borders.
ECOWAS and the African Union both decried what they called an “attempted coup d’etat”.
ECOWAS called for Bazoum’s immediate and unconditional release, and warned all those involved would be held responsible for his safety.
The European Union said it “associates itself” with the ECOWAS statement and attacked “any attempt to destabilise democracy and threaten the stability” of Niger.
Both UN chief Antonio Guterres and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said they had spoken to Bazoum to offer their support.
France -- Niger’s former colonial power -- and neighbouring Algeria also issued condemnations, as did the World Bank which said it “strongly condemns any attempt to seize power by force” or “destabilise” Niger.
President Talon was expected to arrive in Niamey Thursday, after a meeting in Abuja Wednesday with Nigerian President Bola Ahmed Tinubu.
Tinubu said President Talon would mediate with both the Presidential Guard and Bazoum, with a view to finding an agreement.