Akhtar Khan

  • First, I will quote a few pieces of advice about friends and foes by an ancient Chinese general, philosopher, and writer, Sun Tzu, in The Art of War: “If your enemy is secure at all points, be prepared for him. If he is in superior strength, evade him. If your opponent is temperamental, seek ...

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  • It is said that those countries that take the interests of their enemies into account, develop faster.  Often, that has not been the case, and countries have been fighting their enemies, trying to win them over. Both countries would have war casualties and one loses. There are many ...

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  • It is said that those countries that take the interests of their enemies into account, develop faster. Often, that has not been the case, and countries have been fighting their enemies, trying to overwin them. Both countries would have war casualties and other losses.There are many examples of ...

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  • Asia’s development, economic and political attention, and balance are shifting towards the Indo-Pacific region. The Indo-Pacific area is increasingly shaping geopolitics of the international system, with regional and foreign powers actively battling and working with one another to oppose and ...

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  • Since 1898, the United States has been involved in regime change operations in other countries. In the words of Woodrow Wilson, “teach them to elect good men.”There are six methods for changing a government, or assisting its change, internationally: overt operation, covert operation, ...

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  • Since the end of the Cold War, the United States has been the only country that has enjoyed the status of a ‘superpower’. Those who try to challenge it, notably China in particular, but hardly the Soviet Union any longer, are fought back. Smaller countries, or groups of countries, are also in ...

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  • Every child still does not go to school in Pakistan, and less than half of the adults are literate; many more women than men. Less than two percent of government money is spent on education; the United Nations education organisation, UNESCO, recommends at least double that amount. But it is a fact ...

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  • Alliances are an important part of the international cooperation system between states. They define trade and military cooperation, and they are important as deterrents for possible external military threats. If there is a disorder in the broader international system, states are compelled to rely ...

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