Masud Ahmad Khan

  • On November 1, 1947, the governor of Gilgit, Brig Ghansara Singh surrendered to the Gilgit Scouts and signed an instrument of surrender on November 3, 1947. The people of the region proclaimed Gilgit as part of Pakistan and hoisted Pakistan’s flag. Skardu was liberated exactly after one year ...

    Read More
  • The Arctic Ocean is in news these days because of the power struggle among various powers to control it. There is a rush of claim on the unclaimed territory, unclaimed ocean and land territory. The main objective of the powers is to acquire trade routes and explore the hidden resources. Global ...

    Read More
  • Pakistan was part of the US sponsored (SEATO) Southeast Asian Treaty Organization and (CENTO) Central Treaty Organization. In 1962, it provided a base for US spy plane-U2 in Peshawar which was shot down by a Russian missile after taking off from Badaber, Peshawar. During Russian invasion of ...

    Read More
  • The Korean peninsula is in the news again due to a series of missiles fired in the region. The Korean peninsula is divided into two countries namely the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). The peninsula shares borders with China and ...

    Read More
  • Even since partition, India is obsessed with Pakistan because of many reasons. Pakistan is India’s enemy number one, not China, as its foreign policy is Pakistan-centric based on the philosophies of Chanakya Kautilya. It is referred to in election campaigns and during political rallies. ...

    Read More
  • After the 1857 mutiny, a large number of Muslims and Sikhs from Punjab were inducted into the British Indian army who were considered the martial races and Hindus were less preferred. Punjabi Mussalmans (PM) dominated the recruitment during British period from Potohar Plateau and areas of Salt ...

    Read More
  • The Radcliffe Commission on the direction of Mount­batten gave the Muslim majority tehsil Gurdaspur which was contiguous to Pakistan to India. Ac­cording to Alastair Lamb in his book “Incomplete Parti­tion”, the key to accession of Jammu and Kashmir lay through the Gurdaspur ...

    Read More
  • Today, countries are signing pacts and treaties for security, political and economic gools. The world powers like the US, Russia and China are making alliances to contain each other. It is a game of national interest for every country, for instance the US is pressurizing the Arab countries and ...

    Read More
  • Taiwan remained a Dutch Colony from 1624 and 1661. Later it came under the administrative control of China’s Qing dynasty and became a province of the dynasty. In 1894, Japan and China went to war and Japan occupied the Pescadores Islands of Taiwan. On April 17, 1895 in the Treaty of Shimonoseki, ...

    Read More
  • The North-South trade corridor was conceived during a conference on transport in Saint Petersburg on September 12, 2000. An agreement in this regard was signed by India, Russia and Iran. In 2005 Azerbaijan became a member followed by Belarus, Bulgaria, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, ...

    Read More
  • Islamic history is full of stories of brave generals who made great contributions to the glory of Islam. One such general was Salahuddin Ayubi who leads the list because his superior leadership did not only compensate for numerical inferiority and weapons, but also inspired troops to perform ...

    Read More
  • The foundation of Muslim rule in India was laid down by Shahabuddin Ghori in 1193 for the next 800 years. Muslim Sufi saints preached in India and millions converted to Islam which alarmed the Hindu population and gave birth to their nationalist movement. This development led to the creation of ...

    Read More
  • Islands in the Indo-Pacific region are in the news due to the Chinese foreign minister’s visit. Let us understand the importance of Indo-Pacific region, South China Sea and Islands of Indo-Pacific region. The region comprises of the Indian Ocean, the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, Seas and ...

    Read More
  • The early death of Quaid-i-Azam and the assassination of the first prime minister Liaqat Ali Khan, led Pakistan to political instability. There were no political forces from among the masses as the assemblies were dominated by feudals and industrialists. Pakistan Army was the only important ...

    Read More
  • India seeks to damage Pakistan as it has not reconciled with the partition of the sub-continent. Therefore, it is busy in hatching conspiracies to destabilise Pakistan through all means available, including its proxies. Besides using terror outfits, India has subjected Pakistan to fifth generation ...

    Read More
  • In the past, several movies have been made based on narratives that depict the supremacy of one race by downgrading the other. ‘The Birth of a Nation’ was released in 1915 and it sparked violence against black people across the US. The Nazis released the ‘Triumph of Will’ in 1935 which is ...

    Read More
  • Yemen borders with Saudi Arabia in the North, Oman to the North-East and shares maritime borders with Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. Yemen is important for the flow of oil since it is located next to the Strait of Hormuz and the Bab-el-Mandab which control access to the Suez Canal. It has been in ...

    Read More
  • India has a long history of violating Pakistan’s air space. On April 10, 1959, an Indian Air Force (IAF) Canberra aircraft on a photo reconnaissance mission in Pakistan was shot down by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) somewhere near Gujrat. On August 19, 1999, a Pakistan navy Atlantic plane was shot ...

    Read More
  • The Chechens are in the news again for fighting alongside the Russian army in Ukraine. Chechnya is located the South-East of Russia in the Northern Caucasus. It borders Georgia to the South, the Ingushetia Republic to the West, the Dagestan republic to the North East and Stavropol Krai to the ...

    Read More
  • The location of Gilgit-Baltistan is strategically important as it shares a border the Wakhan Corridor, the Xingjian region of China, IIOJK and Chitral. The region covers an area of 72,000 square kilometers and its population is over 1.5 million. On March 16, 1846, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was ...

    Read More
  • Ever since independence, India has remained busy with conspiracies and has always been hurling threats at Pakistan. Its objective is to destabilise Pakistan by supporting terrorists and fueling insurgency in Balochistan and IIOJK. In 2014, Indian National Security Advisor Doval visited Iraq to ...

    Read More
  • The region of Gilgit-Baltistan is a treasure of mesmerising myths and legends including stories of Shamans, witches, fairies and demons. These fascinating folk tales have been passed down from one generation to the next. In this article, I shall talk of the legend of Shri Badat, also known as ...

    Read More
  • After the liberation of Gilgit-Baltistan, the region was accessible by air (flights subject to weather) and by road through the Babusar Valley Road crossing over the Babusar Top (13700 feet) to Chilas and Gilgit. Chilas was occupied by the British after a fierce battle in 1893 and its position on ...

    Read More
  • The national security of a state has been defined as the ability of a state to cater for the protection and defence of its citizens. According to Kim Holmes, former US diplomat, the modern concept of national security arose in the 17th century during the 30 years’ war in Europe and the civil ...

    Read More
  • The main task of an intelligence organisation is to look into the future, study the signs and symptoms and predict an impending event. An enemy can be beaten by its own weakness. The wisest course therefore lies in pinpointing the enemy’s faults and weaknesses and capitalising on them. Sun ...

    Read More
  • It is said that the Chinese first used missiles in the 13 century. Germans used V-2 rockets during WW2, while bombing London with a range of 320 kilometers. The Gulf war started with Tomahawk cruise missiles attacks and out of 300 missiles fired, 85% got their targets with accuracy. Iraq responded ...

    Read More
  • Balochistan constitutes 43.6% of the total area of Pakistan. It is bounded in the West by Iran and North by Afghanistan. In the East are the provinces of Sindh, Punjab and to the North East, KP. In the South it has a 760 kilometers-long coast line along the Arabian Sea. The administration of the ...

    Read More
  • Iran was one of the first countries to recognise Israel in 1948 and the second Muslim country after Turkey. During the rule of the Shah, Iran had close diplomatic relations and direct flights to Israel. The spread of Pan-Arabism also brought the two countries closer as both countries considered it ...

    Read More
  • Ladakh in IIOJK is in the news again, this time not because of the Chinese PLA but because natives have demanded statehood and autonomy from the BJP-RSS led government. Historically, Ladakh was a part of Tibet and ruled by Tibetan kings and Chinese. Muslim Sufi saints preached Islam there and ...

    Read More
  • Enemies have subjected Pakistan to Hybrid and Fifth-Generation Warfare through which they have exploited its vulnerabilities. The main strategy being utilised is political, conventional, non-conventional and propaganda related altogether, with the ultimate aim of destabilising Pakistan. In the ...

    Read More